Liver Cancer: A Disease with Deadly Effects

Liver is one of the most important organs of the body present in vertebrates and other animals. The functions of liver include detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of biochemicals necessary for digestion. Without liver, survival is just not possible. Liver plays a vital role in metabolism and thus, performs various kinds of essential functions in the body, including glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production, and detoxification. When it comes to human liver, it is one of the very sensitive organs of human body. As, this organ of body is sensitive enough that’s why it is prone to various kinds of diseases. Liver cancer is such a disease that occurs in the liver as opposed to a cancer that begins in another organ and then, transfers to the liver which is known as liver metastasis.

In the medical world, the cancer starts from the liver is known as primary liver cancer or hepatoma. There are various types of cells in the liver, like bile ducts, blood vessels, and fat-storing cells. The liver cells consist of 80% of the liver tissues and thus, most of the primary liver cancers start from cells of the liver which is called hepatocellular cancer or carcinoma. Usually, while the patients or the doctors tell about liver cancer, they generally refer to the kind of cancer which gets spread to the liver from other organs of the body, like the colon, stomach, pancreas, breast, and lung. In a more specialized way, this kind of liver cancer is known as metastatic liver disease or secondary liver cancer. It is one of the very common liver diseases across the world than the primary liver cancer. As not everybody is aware of the difference between a primary liver cancer and a secondary liver cancer, so it frequently leads to confusion. However, the term liver cancer actually can be used from either metastatic liver cancer or hepatocellular cancer.

Liver cancer is a very deadly disease that can kill a person within a year of occurrence. When it comes to identifying the symptoms of liver cancer, it is said that there is no specific symptoms of liver cancer. In fact, the initial signs are generally so subtle that they can be mistaken for simple deterioration of cirrhosis and liver function. Abdominal pain is unusual with liver cancer that indicates a huge tumor or extensive involvement of the liver. Moreover, sudden weight loss or fevers are some of the caution signs in patients with cirrhosis of liver cancer. The unexpected inception of a complication is a common early occurrence of liver cancer in a patient with compensated cirrhosis. For instance, the abrupt manifestation of abdominal fluid and swelling, yellow color of the skin, or muscle wasting without precipitating factors such as alcohol consumption indicate the risk of liver cancer. Finally, we can say that liver cancer is a very deadly disease and the only cure to this dangerous disease is to take precautions in advance before it occurs.

Heatstroke: Consequences are Fierce

Human body is very sensitive. Therefore, it suffers from various kinds of diseases or illnesses. Heatstroke is one of the severe forms of heat illness which occurs when body temperature gets higher than 41.1°C associated with neurologic dysfunction. Heat illnesses are actually the body’s inability to cope with heat. When people suffer from heat illnesses, there are certain symptoms that can be seen, such as heat edema, heat rash or prickly heat, heat cramps, tetany, heat syncope and heat exhaustion. There two forms of heatstroke, for example: Exertional Heatstroke and Classic Nonexertional Heatstroke. Usually, the exertional heatstroke occurs to young people who engage in laborious physical activities for a longer period of time in a hot atmosphere. While, the classic nonexertional heatstroke more often occurs to the inactive elderly people, like the people who are chronically ill. However, both types of heatstroke can lead to serious health consequences, especially when therapy is delayed.

As we have mentioned earlier the symptoms of heatstroke can sometimes be similar to those of heart attack or other types of conditions. Sometimes, people may experience the symptoms of heat exhaustion before actually heat strokes occur. Our body produces heat as a consequence of metabolism which it dissipates either by the radiation of the heat via the skin or by sweat evaporation. However, in certain situations like: in extreme heat, high humidity or vigorous physical exertion in the sun the body may not be able to release the heat and thus, the body temperature increases up to 41.1 C or higher than this. Moreover, there is another thing that may cause heatstroke which is dehydration. The people having dehydration may not be able to sweat fast in order to release heat from the body that may cause the increase of body temperature and leads to heatstroke.

A person with heatstroke may suffer from certain health condition, for example nausea, vomiting, fatigue, weakness, headache, muscle cramps and aches, and dizziness. But some people may get the symptoms of heat stroke suddenly and rapidly without even warning. However, the signs and symptoms of heatstroke develop differently to different people. The most common symptoms of heatstroke are: high body temperature, the absence of sweating, with hot red or flushed dry skin, rapid pulse, difficulty breathing, strange behavior, hallucinations, confusion, agitation, disorientation, seizure or coma.

In case somebody is suffering from any kind of heat illness, there are certain effective ways to recognize that. There are various types of heat illness that start from the cause of momentary discomfort to general fatal condition that may lead to serious heatstroke. The very common symptom of any heat related illness is high temperature of the body. If you are a person who can’t resist heat for a longer time and feels discomfort while going in sun, then before it take into any serious condition, going for the treatment will always save you from heatstroke. At last we can say that heatstroke is a dangerous health condition and in order to get rid of this kind of health condition, taking precautions in advance will provide you a safe and healthy life.

Kidney Infection: Take Medical Help for Cure

Kidney is one of the most essential organs of our body. Kidneys perform a lot of important functions in our body, such as filtering the wastes from the blood, regulate blood pressure, maintain the balance of electrolytes and thus, contribute to the production of red cells in the body. The kidneys are located on both sides of the underneath of the diaphragm near the lower back. Both the kidneys are linked to the bladder in the pelvis by ureters that deplete the urine from the kidneys to the bladder. The urine which gets stored in the bladder is released via the urethra of the body.

The urinary tract consists of various parts, such as kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. When any part of the urinary tract gets infected, that stage is known as urinary tract infection. Usually, urine is sterile without any bacterial infection. The occurrence of bacteria in urine is not considered as usual and thus, it may cause urinary tract infection. The bacteria enter to the urinary system from outside via urethra. Thus, when the bacteria get access to the urinary system, it causes kidney infections. The kidney infection may lead to very serious health condition, as the bacteria from the kidney may infect the blood stream of the body. The bacteria may grow from the rectum or the vagina to the urethra to get the entrance into the urinary system of the body. However, the bacteria may also get access from the skin itself. Usually, women are more tend to have kidney infections, as they have shorter length urethra.

A lot factors are there that may contribute towards kidney infections. During pregnancy, women may have urinary infections due to the slower transit of urine in the ureters. Urinary catheters can also increase the risk of growing urinary and thus, kidney infections. Moreover, kidney stones and other kinds of abnormalities in the urinary system may cause kidney infection. Problems in drainage system, such as: blockage of urine increases the possibilities of access of the bacteria to the kidney. Any kind of restriction to the flow of urine can result in severe infection that can spread to other parts of the urinary tract.

When kidney infection occurs, certain kinds of symptoms can be seen, such as fever, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, shivering, shaking in chills, painful urination, flank and low and mid-back pain and malaise etc. When it comes to the diagnose process of kidney infection, a medical professional by performing a complete physical test with detailed medical history of the patient provide the exact results and thus, move with the proper treatment. The physical examination to determine the kidney infection of a patient includes checking the critical signs such as heart rate, blood pressure, temperature, and respiratory rate, measuring dehydration signs, and checking for tenderness on the mid and lower back of the body.